A film dealing with the dilemmas facing young people at a critical stage of life. As opposed to coming-of-age dramas, which focus of the difficulty of adolescence, childhood dramas generally focus on protagonists under 12 years of age. Often these films depict childhood as turbulent confusing times when kids struggle to understand the world's harsh lessons. Reality, parents, other children and grownups are often seen through a child's eyes, so that elements of magic, fear and wonder become visual and aesthetic touches -- and these elements that would be questioned in adult drama, here are accepted as legitimate. American films of this form frequently differ from their foreign counterparts, as they are more straightforward and linear, sometimes using the frame of an adult looking back on his or her life and containing touches of nostalgia and melodrama. Examples include Stand By Me, Mommie Dearest, The Champ, Shane, Searching for Bobby Fisher, and Fresh. Foreign depictions of childhood are usually more structurally experimental and use heavier doses of magic and fantasy to warp point of view and the narrative. They also are darker, less nostalgic and more representative of actual childhood problems. Examples include Au Revoir les Enfants, Ma Vie en Rose, Leolo, Kolya, Toto the Hero, The Tin Drum, The Butcher Boy, Pixote, The White Balloon, Village of Dreams, Shanghai Triad, Fanny and Alexander and My Life as a Dog. Also see coming-of-age and family drama.