Volcano (1919)

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Schoolteacher Ruth Carroll (Leah Baird) falls under the influence of a group of Bolshevist radicals, headed by Alexis Minski (Jacob Kingsberry). She also becomes romantically involved with Nathan Levison (Edward Langford), a captain recently returned from the war who has been hired by the government to track down the radicals. Minski tells Ruth that Nathan is trying to have her and her grandfather (Harry Bartlett) arrested, and in a panic she agrees that Nathan must be killed. But Davy, Ruth's brother who has also just returned from France (W.H. Gibson), raids the revolutionaries' headquarters with a group of patriots and arrests the whole crew. Ruth and Nathan are reunited, while Davy finds a girlfriend in Olga (Elvira Amazar), who, like his sister, had been temporarily led astray by the Bolsheviks. There was a certain amount of controversy surrounding this anti-Bolshevist propaganda film: Author Augustus Thomas wrote a lot of anti-Semitism into the original story and Franklin Roosevelt (then secretary of the Navy) and New York's Governor Smith both withdrew their endorsements of the film. To fix this, the leading man was given a Jewish surname and at one point, the villain asserts, "I am not a Jew; I am a Bolshevik."