Sansho the Bailiff (1954)

Genres - Drama  |   Sub-Genres - Period Film, Reunion Films  |   Run Time - 125 min.  |   Countries - Japan  |   MPAA Rating - NR
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Synopsis by Jonathan Crow

Kenji Mizoguchi's masterpiece opens in 11th century Japan with an aristocratic woman named Tamaki traveling through the woods with her daughter Anju, son Zushio, and her maid. Through flashbacks, we learn that her husband, Taira Masauji, was a local governor who was exiled because of his honesty and integrity. Before he leaves, he gives his son an amulet of Kannon, the goddess of mercy, and tells him, "Without mercy, man is like a beast. Men are created equal, everyone is entitled to happiness." On their journey to reunite with their husband/father, they are ambushed by kidnappers, who sell the mother as a prostitute and the two children as slaves to the corrupt Sansho (Eitaro Shindo). As adults, Zushio (Yoshiaki Hanayagi) and his sister Anju (Kyoko Kagawa) continue to toil as servants. Anju learns that her mother has become a courtesan on the remote island of Sado. Though Zushio has become Sansho's most trusted and brutal aide, he manages to escape at Anju's behest. He finds sanctuary at a local monastery while Anju, looking to avoid the inevitably violent retribution, drowns herself in a lake. Seeking justice, Zushio petitions the chief advisor, a desperate act that usually results in imprisonment or death. Yet his pleas prove more successful than he ever dreamed. When he finally has the power to thwart evil Sansho and reunify his family, he learns that he is tragically too late.




destruction, white-slavery, child, courage, escape, governor, kidnapping, mother, one-against-odds, prostitute/prostitution, rescue, revenge, search, slavery, suicide


High Artistic Quality, High Historical Importance