Synopsis by John Patrick Sheehan
This edition of Biography, the long running documentary series from A&E, explores the life of general and emperor Napoleon Bonaparte. In 1799 a coup d'état ensued in which Napoleon assumed power as First Consul, instituting a military dictatorship. He consolidated French domination a Concordat with Rome and the Peace of Amiens with England. Elected consul for life, he assumed the hereditary title of emperor in 1804. His administrative, military, educational, and legal reforms (notably the Code Napoléon) made a lasting impact on French society. War with England was renewed, and extended to Russia and Austria. Believing that Russia was planning an alliance with England, he invaded, defeating the Russians before entering Moscow. Napoleon was later forced to retreat, his army broken by hunger and the Russian winter. In 1813, he was routed at Leipzig, and France was invaded. Forced to abdicate, he was given the sovereignty of Elba. He regained power for a period known as the Hundred Days, but was defeated by the combination of Wellington's and Blücher's forces at the Battle of Waterloo.
conquest, dictator, France, French-Revolution, General, military-leader