A former stage director, Walter Grauman turned to films in 1957. Most of Grauman's big-screen efforts were unremarkable, with the exception of his taut 1964 thriller Lady in a Cage. He is best known for his TV work on such weekly series as The Untouchables and The Twilight Zone. Grauman also directed a wealth of worthwhile TV-movies and miniseries, among them The Old Man Who Cried Wolf (1970), The Streets of San Francisco (1971), The Memory of Eva Riker (1980), Bare Essence (1982), and the slicked-down 1981 remake of Valley of the Dolls. His final directorial effort was a handful of episodes of Murder, She Wrote. Grauman died in 2015, at age 93.