Robert Kramer will probably go down in film history as the premier director of political dissidence cinema that nobody ever heard of. Kramer made it his mission to span the globe in search of political unrest, documenting the various players in the numerous movements he encountered. His films were relatively successful abroad, specifically in Europe, and were shown at various film festivals. In spite of his directorial success, Kramer was only known to Hollywood as a character actor. Stricken with meningitis in 1999, Kramer succumbed to the illness in November of that year, at the age of 60; his final film, Cities of the Plain, was released posthumously, in 2001.