American director Paul Bogart inaugurated his career as a performer/puppeteer in a travelling marionette show. From 1950 onward, Bogart kept busy in live television, his assignments spanning everything from variety shows to "kitchen-sink" dramas. He also worked steadily in filmed and taped television, turning out several well-paced installments of such series as The Defenders, Get Smart, All in the Family (including the gut-wrenching "Edith's 50th Birthday" episode, in which Edith Bunker is held prisoner by a rapist) Alice, and Golden Girls (which he also co-produced). He won Emmy awards for his TV work in 1965, 1967, 1970, 1978 and 1986. Paul Bogart's theatrical films include Marlowe (1969), Torch Song Trilogy (1988) and Bob Hope's last film Cancel My Reservation.