Transylvanian-born producer and director Gabriel Pascal got his start on the Viennese stage. From there, he went on to make films in several major European cities until he landed in Great Britain during the mid-'30s. There, playwright George Bernard Shaw personally selected Pascal to make film adaptations of his work. In 1945, Pascal's career ground to an abrupt halt after his expensive epic romance Caesar and Cleopatra turned out to be one of the year's most notorious box-office stinkers. In 1953, Pascal made Androcles and the Lion in the U.S.