Actress, director, and scenarist Olga Preobrazhenskaya is considered to be one of the most important women in Soviet cinema. She was not only one of the most popular actresses of early Russian film, she was also that country's first female director. Preobrazhenskaya began her career as an actress at the Moscow Art Theater where she recieved her training. After that she acted in many provincial Russian theaters before starring in her first film Kliuchakh schastia (1913), a tremendously popular work based on bestselling novel by Anastasia Verbitskaia. She went on to star in several more big-budget pre-revolutionary movies until 1916 when she co-directed Baryshnia-krestianka with Vladimir Gardin. She did not direct again until 1926 after she had been teaching in the first Soviet film school for several years after the 1917 Revolution. Her next two films were targeted for children. After 1927 she collaborated with director Ivan Pravov until 1941. Their best known film, considered one of the greatest films of early Soviet cinema, was Baby riazanskie (1927) the story of a traditional young woman who is raped by her father-in-law. Preobrazhenskaya continued directing until the end of the '30s.