Jan Kadar's studies at Czechoslovakia's Bratislava Film School were terminated by the Nazis, who imprisoned him in a labor camp. After the war Kadar made the short documentary Life Is Rising from the Ruins, and then became a scriptwriter and assistant director in the Czech film industry in Prague. He directed his first feature, the comedy Katka (aka Katya), in 1950, and then began making a series of films co-written and co-directed with Elmar Klos, climaxing in the mid '60s with their penultimate film, the acclaimed drama The Shop on Main Street. (Kadar received sole credit for their last film, Adrift). Kadar spent the last decade of his life in the States, where he helmed the fantasy The Angel Levine with Zero Mostel. His final films were for television, most notably the Stephen Crane adaptation The Blue Hotel and the Canadian production Lies My Father Told Me.