The older brother of actors Dick and Helene Rosson and cinematographer Hal Rosson, Arthur H. Rosson entered films in 1917 as a screenwriter and assistant director. By the early '20s, Rosson was a full director, specializing in actioners and "girls in the big city" seriocomedies. From 1929 to 1938, his directorial efforts were concentrated almost exclusively on Westerns. Arthur H. Rosson remained active as an associate producer, production manager, and second unit director until his death; during this period, he was most closely associated with Cecil B. De Mille, handling the second-unit direction of every De Mille picture from Union Pacific (1939) to The Ten Commandments (1956).