An actress known for her petite stature and fiery, thoughtful performances, Adrienne Shelly first earned plaudits for her work with director Hal Hartley in The Unbelievable Truth (1990) and Trust (1991). Although her subsequent acting career during the '90s went largely undistinguished, Shelly began to make a name for herself as a writer and director, making her feature screenwriting and directorial debut with Sudden Manhattan in 1996.
Born in Queens, NY, in July 1966, Shelly, who is of Russian heritage, was raised on Long Island. Her upbringing was influenced by a love of baseball and the death of her father when she was 12 (his first name, Shelly, became his daughter's professional surname). She began acting at performing arts camp when she was ten years old and got her first professional job in a summer stock production of Annie while still in high school. After studying at Boston University, she entered the world of independent filmmaking.
Shelly made an auspicious debut in Hartley's The Unbelievable Truth, playing a melancholy teenager who falls in love with a mysterious drifter (Robert Burke). She earned positive notice for her portrayal, and the following year, she won even greater acclaim for her starring role as a sullen, pregnant teenager who inadvertently causes her father to drop dead before taking up with a social misfit (the excellent Martin Donovan) in Hartley's Trust. Unfortunately, few of Shelly's subsequent roles lived up to the promise she exhibited in Hartley's films, and increasingly, she focused her attentions on writing and directing. After writing a number of plays and directing the 1994 short Urban Legend, Shelly made her feature debut behind the camera with Sudden Manhattan in 1996. A comedy about a self-obsessed New Yorker (Shelly), the film earned some positive reviews -- many of which noted Hartley's apparent stylistic influence -- but went largely unseen. After appearing in the 1998 independent romantic drama Wrestling with Alligators, Shelly again stepped behind the camera, writing and directing (and starring in) I'll Take You There, a romantic comedy about a very, very bad date.
The next few years found Shelly acting intermittently as she focused more on her family and her career behind the camera. While putting the wraps on the independent feature Waitress, Shelly was found dead in her Manhattan office; it later became apparent that her death was a homicide, and the suspect confessed to the murder. Shelly was 40 years old.