(1963)4Tom VickThe Screen Tests are a series of one-reel film portraits -- 228 in all -- that Andy Warhol shot over the course of three years in his famous "Factory." Each is a single four-minute take of a single individual. Subjects ranged from Factory regulars to celebrities and other guests who happened to drop by. In many of them, Warhol would have his assistant (and later, screenwriter) Ronald Tavel interview each subject before filming, and then during filming ask them questions designed to induce subtle facial reactions. Because of their silence and duration, the Screen Tests -- like Warhol's Kiss and+ Sleep -- deliberately make the audience aware of the voyeurism inherent in the movie-watching experience. Since many of the subjects are either famous figures or members of his own "superstar" entourage, the Screen Tests are also central of Warhol's ongoing cinematic inquiry into the nature of celebrity.